Bismarck's War: The Franco-Prussian War and the Making of Modern Europe

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Bismarck's War: The Franco-Prussian War and the Making of Modern Europe

Bismarck's War: The Franco-Prussian War and the Making of Modern Europe

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Ritter-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, Vienna, 1877, pp. 62, 101, archived from the original on 14 January 2021 , retrieved 14 January 2021 {{ citation}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher ( link)

Otto von Bismarck - Wikipedia

Egerton, George W. (1994). Political Memoir: Essays on the Politics of Memory. Psychology Press. p.14. ISBN 978-0-7146-3471-5. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015 . Retrieved 11 August 2015. Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern (in German). Munich: Königl. Oberpostamt. 1867. p.11. Archived from the original on 12 July 2021 . Retrieved 15 July 2019. Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden", Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg, 1869, p. 27, archived from the original on 12 July 2021 , retrieved 27 December 2020 In response, the French government imposed a levée en masse (universal conscription) to raise new forces in the provinces, including the Army of the Loire, which surprised and defeated a much smaller Bavarian force at Coulmiers on 9 November, before retaking Orleans. French attempts to exploit this victory ended with defeats at Beaune-la-Rolande (28 November) and Villiers (30 November). Stern, Fritz (1979). Gold and Iron: Bismark, Bleichroder, and the Building of the German Empire. Vintage. ISBN 978-0-394-74034-8.Sachsen (1888–1889). "Königlich Orden". Staatshandbuch für den Königreich Sachsen: 1888/89. Dresden: Heinrich. p. 5– via Clark, Christopher (2009). Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600–1947. Belknap Press: An Imprint of Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-03196-8.

Bismarck’s War’ Review: A Fast But Fateful Fight - WSJ ‘Bismarck’s War’ Review: A Fast But Fateful Fight - WSJ

PDF) (in Japanese). 明治聖徳記念学会紀要. p.143. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 March 2021 . Retrieved 17 August 2020. Wetzel, David (2012). A Duel of Nations: Germany, France, and the Diplomacy of the War of 1870–1871. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-29134-1. Cowen, Ron (30 January 2012). "Restored Edison Records Revive Giants of 19th-Century Germany". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018 . Retrieved 31 January 2012. Stern, Fritz (2013). Gold and Iron. Knopf Doubleday Publishing. p.139. ISBN 978-0-307-82986-3. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017 . Retrieved 16 October 2016. Ludwig, Emil (1927). Wilhelm Hohenzollern: The last of the Kaisers. Trans. Ethel Colburn Mayne. New York: Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-0-7661-4341-8. [ permanent dead link]The Second Empire collapsed as soon as news of the surrender of Sedan reached Paris. On 4 September, a provisional government calling itself the Government of National Defence proclaimed the formation of the Third Republic. Chrastil explains how the seemingly decisive German victory at Sedan failed to end the war, as there was no legitimate French authority with which to negotiate a peace treaty. The new French republican government had no electoral mandate, Napoleon III was a prisoner, and the Empress Eugénie was in exile in England. The Prussian victory in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 enabled him to create the North German Confederation which excluded Austria from the federation’s affairs and ended the previous German Confederation.

‘Bismarck’s War’ by Rachel Chrastil review | History Today

Sergiusz Michalski, Public Monuments: Art in Political Bondage 1870-1997 (London: Reaktion, 2013), 65-68. According to a 2019 study, the health insurance legislation caused a substantial reduction in mortality. [113] Accident Insurance Law of 1884Bulgaria, that little country between the Danube and the Balkans, is far from being an object of adequate importance... for which to plunge Europe from Moscow to the Pyrenees, and from the North Sea to Palermo, into a war whose issue no man can foresee. At the end of the conflict we should scarcely know why we had fought." [98] Carroll, E. Malcolm (1975). Germany and the great powers, 1866–1914: A Study in Public Opinion and Foreign Policy. Octagon Books. ISBN 978-0-374-91299-4. Archived from the original on 20 September 2018 . Retrieved 31 May 2017.

Otto von Bismarck and the Franco-Prussian War | History of Otto von Bismarck and the Franco-Prussian War | History of

This proved to be a poor idea the night before battle. It plunged many of the men into despair and meant they performed their jobs suite of the 7th (Magdeburg) Cuirassiers "von Seydlitz", 18 October 1868; Colonel-in-chief, 26 April 1894 [165]

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