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Polish For Dummies

Polish For Dummies

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Another feature of the Polish language, which is also present in some other Slavic languages, is that verbs have perfective and imperfective aspects. Sounds weird? Don’t worry too much—English has grammatical aspects too, such as the progressive and perfect aspects.

Polish for Beginners to Advanced 18 Best Books to Learn Polish for Beginners to Advanced

moj a mama (“my mother) – a feminine singular noun with the appropriate form of the pronoun mój / “my” This little book has some great tips on how to sound like a ‘real Pole’. It’s a book for beginners and it mainly focuses on developing the learner’s speaking and writing skills. It’s practical and interactive. I’d say it’s a great accompanying book if you’ve already got something that focuses on the intricacies of Polish grammar, or if you’ve got a Polish friend/tutor who can explain such questions to you. Albeit not ideal for absolute beginners, those who have already learned a bit of Polish will find this invaluable. The only downside is that there are no exercises so we suggest using this in conjunction with other references. Trying to learn isolated endings can give you a real headache. Instead, try to find and memorise a few examples of the cases used in various situations – hobbies, food and familiar places, for example. When you come across a noun or adjective that ends the same way, it will very likely follow the pattern from your example. To initiate less formality, take one of these approaches: Może przejdziemy na ‘ty’? (mo-zhe pshey-dj’e-mih na tih) (Shall we switch to first names?) – literally: shall we switch over to using ty? Proszȩ mi mówić po imieniu. (pro-she mee moo-veech’ po ee-mye-n'yoo) (Please call me by my first name) – this line enables you both to use ty. If you’re on the receiving end of such an invitation, you respond: Z przyjemnością. (s-pshih-yem-nosh’-ch’ohN) (With pleasure).

If you prefer learning with a step-by-step plan, taking an online Polish course is a good option. Courses follow a set curriculum, which takes the guesswork out of what to study next. Most courses include online lessons with additional individual practice activities to reinforce what you learned. Learn Polish From 0 To Hero, Smart Vision School, and Po Polsku Po Polsce are popular online courses that are available for all levels of Polish language learners. Getting Introductions Right In this section, I cover how to introduce yourself and how to ask people their name. Here, again, different situations require different expressions. Being formal or informal is all about the words and expressions you use; in other words – how you ask the question. Phrases you use to talk about yourself remain the same regardless of the type of situation. moj e dzieci (“my children”) – a nonmasculine plural noun with the appropriate form of the pronoun mój / “my” Kto to jest? (kto to yest) (Who is this?) Czy wy siȩ znacie? (chih vih sh’ye zna-ch’ye) (Do you know each other/Have you met?) Some situations call for a certain level of formality. If, for example, you are being introduced to a new Polish business partner, you may hear the following: Czy państwo siȩ znają? (chih pan’-stfo sh’ye zna-yohN) (Do you know each other?) Chciałbym/chciałabym przedstawić mojego partnera biznesowego, pana Adama Nowaka (hch’yaw-bihm/hch’ya-wa-bihm pshet-sta-veech’ mo-ye-go par-tne-ra beez-ne-so-ve-go pa-na a-da-ma no-va-ka) (Let me introduce my business partner, Mr Adam Nowak.) Bardzo mi miło (bar-dzo mee mee-wo) (Pleased to meet you.) Chciałbym means I (a man) would like to. . .; Chciałabym (with the extra a) is I (a woman) would like to . . ..

Polish For Dummies by Daria Gabryanczyk | Waterstones

Discovering the secret to forming ‘yes’/‘no’ questions In English you use auxiliary verbs to form ‘yes’ or ‘no’ questions. For example, you say: Have you been . . . ? Did you do . . . ? Are you reading . . . ? Will you go . . . ? and so on. In Polish, yes or no questions and answers are a lot easier than in English (for once!). When speaking Polish, you simply put czy If you’re going to Poland, prepare a list of first names you can use to spell your own name so that you won’t panic when you need to spell it in Polish. Since perfective verbs express completed actions (either in the past or in the future), they cannot logically exist in the present tense. If something is still in the process of being completed (in the past, present or future), it’s expressed by imperfective verbs. You form a perfective verb in a couple of ways: By adding a prefix to the imperfective form: • czytać – przeczytać (chih-tach’ pshe-chih-tach’) (to read) • pisać – napisać (pee-sach’ na-pee-sach’) (to write) • pić – wypić (peech’ vih-peech’) (to drink) By changing the stem: • kupować – kupić (koo-po-vach’ koo-peech’) (to buy) • pomagać – pomóc (po-ma-gach’ po-moots) (to help) Sometimes, you see two completely different verbs:

Polish audio courses

The ’ in a pronuciation reminds you that it’s a soft sound. I add an extra y to help you pronounce ci when followed by a vowel. Now, try the sound of these words: ciepło (ch’ye-pwo) (warm) mówić (moo-veech’) (to speak, say) poszedłem. These examples may help: Kiedy szłam do pracy, spotkałam Karola (kye-dih shwam do pra-tsih spot-ka-wam ka-ro-la) (When I [woman] was walking to work, I met Karol) Wczoraj poszedłem do kina (fcho-ray po-she-dwem do kee-na) (I [man] went to the cinema yesterday) In Polish grammar, declension affects several parts of speech. This is an important topic to cover early on, as it’s one of the most challenging aspects of Polish grammar for foreigners. It requires learners to keep a few different things in mind at the same time. Some parts of speech in Polish (most notably, adverbs) remain unchanged. This makes your job as a language learner a tad easier. Ask about what something is and reply, as well as describe the world around you using full sentences



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